Prostatomegaly Grade 3

Prostatomegaly is a medical condition in which the size of prostate gland increases. Prostatomegaly is also known as benign prostate hyperplasia BPH. Prostatomegaly is the enlargement of prostate gland. Prostate gland is the main organ of men reproductive system. Without prostate gland, men are not fertile because it is responsible for production of semen. And semen is essential for reproduction. Prostatomegaly occurs after 40 to 45 years of age.


After 40 years, the cells of prostate gland start multiplying and it looks swelled. It is present right next to urethra. When prostate gland increases in size, it covers the urethra and as a result urinary retention occurs. Urinary retention is a condition in which low volume of urine passes from urethra and maximum volume remains in bladder. On the basis of increase in size of prostate gland, prostatomegaly is divided in to three main grades i.e. grade 1, grade 2 and grade 3.

Prostatomegaly is confirmed when the size of prostate gland increases up to 33 cc. 33 cc is equals to the weight of 30 grams. Diagnosis is easy via two methods i.e. radiographic imaging and physical examination. It is a muscular structure and small in size. It is really soft on touch. All the classified grades are different on the basis of severity of symptoms and the treatment assigned to them. In grade 1 and grade 2 the symptoms are mild and moderate respectively. And their treatment vary according to the symptoms.

But in grade 3 the symptoms are severe and are unbearable and its treatment is also different. The symptoms of grade 3 prostatomegaly causes so many other problems in men. In this grade of prostatomegaly, the medications are of no use and physician recommend surgery. In grade 3 prostatomegaly, the pain become unbearable because the flow of urine is totally blocked from urethra and leads to no urination. The size of prostate gland in grade 3 has increased more than 50 percent of the original size.

Patient does not feel comfortable and experience unbearable pain in lower abdominal region. He is not able to walk around freely or lay down on bed because of pain. So on emergency note, surgery is recommended. Now talking about surgical removal of prostate gland, there are some surgical procedures by which removal can be done easily. There are total three main surgical procedures named water induced thermotherapy, transurethral nasal ablation and transurethral microwave therapy. Water induced thermotherapy can be performed easily in the room of physician to the outpatients.

Patient does not have to be admitted in hospital. Another main procedure by which surgery can be performed is transurethral resection of prostate. The selection of surgical procedure is dependent on the diagnosis. Physical examination helps a lot in diagnosis. In case of in patients, two types of surgical procedures are performed i.e. prostectomy and transurethral incision of prostate gland. These two procedures require time for the proper recovery that's why patient have to be admitted in hospital.

Prostatomegaly Causes

Prostatomegaly is a medical condition in which the prostate gland increases in size up to an abnormal level. It usually occurs at the age of 40 to 45 years. It may be mild, moderate or severe according to the symptoms of prostatomegaly. But when we talk about causes, these are limited. The usual causes behind prostatomegaly are discussed below.


It usually occurs in male at the age of 40 to 45 years. At this age, it is common that it enlarges in size. It is an aging phenomenon. It is considered normal at this age. It is not obvious that it will start increasing in size at the age of 40 but after 40, the chances of prostatomegaly are higher till 80 years of age.

Most of the men at the age of 50, suffer from the symptoms of prostatomegaly. But the exact cause behind it is still unknown.

Another common cause may be the changes in hormones of men. Hormonal change in body at the age of 40 or later, may cause prostatomegaly and other problems in men.
A family history with prostatomegaly or any other problem regarding prostate gland in ancestors may increase the risk of prostatomegaly in next generation.

Any kind of abnormality in the testicles of men, causes problem in fertility of men. It is also responsible for causing prostatomegaly. It has a strong connection with the testicles that if the testicles are removed at the very young age, there are no chances of having benign prostate hyperplasia BPH at the age of 40 or later.

These are the most common causes of prostatomegaly. But other than these causes, it may occur as a complication of many other diseases in men. It may also occur as an adverse or side effect of medications. It is sometimes secondary to the medications used for another problem in body. But these medications leads to prostatomegaly. So quiting these medications helps a lot in treatment of prostatomegaly.

As age passes, the size of the prostate gland increases and this increase in size is Normal. Its size increases as a result of multiplication of cells. Due to increase in size, it start covering the urethra and leads to various problems and most common of them is urinary retention. It may lead to further complications in body.

Other factors may include abnormalities or problems in the reproductive system of body in men, in testicles, and problems in the urinary system of men. Hyperplasia is a condition in which the cells multiply and a s a result the organ start increasing in size. This increase in size if occur in prostate gland then it is termed as prostatomegaly. It may occur at any organ of body.

The treatment is designed according to the cause behind it . As treating the leading cause behind prostatomegaly will help a lot in controlling benign prostate hyperplasia BPH in men. It is almost obvious at the age of 40 or above so men should follow some precautions to avoid it.
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